TAKE A STROLL IN PEACE AND QUIET, ON YOUR OWN OR IN THE COMPANY OF OTHERS;
LEARN, WONDER, ENJOY THE NATURE AND THE FRESH AIR
Hitra’s history begins with the first foreigners who arrived here across the ice from different parts of Europe over 10 000 years ago. There are traces of people’s settlements on Hitra originating in the Stone Age, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. Since then, the island has been continuously inhabited. Have a look at some suggestions of interesting historical venues below. Take a stroll in peace and quiet, learn, wonder, and enjoy the nature and the fresh air.
Dolmsundet is a strait between Dolmøya and «mainland» Hitra going from east to west. There are numerous cultural monuments on both sides of the strait. The oldest traces of people stem from the Frosna tradition, Norway’s oldest settlement. The flint objects found in the settlement are between 10 000 and 11 000 years old.
“….coastal settlement for more than 10,000 years.
In and around Dolmsundet there has been settlement and activity of great variation right from the oldest stone age up to our time. Overall, this is therefore a unusually rich cultural heritage site.
From this sheltered and protected strait, the stone age, bronze age and iron age people in their boats made of skins or wood could get out to fish or catch seals and whales. A lot of fish was probably also picked up from the strait itself, and here they had access to both wood materials and to flint, the most important tool material throughout the stone age.”
2.THE LONGHOUSE FROM THE IRON AGE
Nearby Dolmsundet Hotel Hitra you’ll find a longhouse from the Iron Age. The longhouse is an authentic longhouse built on the remnants of the original house that stood here during the migration period in the 5th and 6th centuries. Today, the activities and meals usually take place inside the house but the surrounding culture park is worth visiting as well. Information boards in the park provide information about the longhouse, the settlements and the old graves that have been unearthed in the area.
Go down the road by the hotel towards the sea. The longhouse is located on the left halfway down the hill.
If you have some time, drop by the Dolmsundet Hotell. Buffetrestaurant; buffet with warm and cold dishes and desserts.
Adults NOK 240,-, children less than 12 years old NOK 95,-. Monday-Saturday 17.00-21.00, Sunday 14.00-19.00
The 15th century Dolm church is the only medieval building in the region. It is located in the southwest of Dolmøya by the Dolmsund channel. You can also visit the lush and beautiful rectory garden by the church. Discover the historical landscape of Dolm and enjoy the silence under the 200-years-old broadleaves in the garden. During the summer season, the coastal museum organizes guided tours of the church. Dates and times for 2018 will soon be published on the coastal museum’s website.
The Dolm church is one of the oldest buildings that are still in use on the Trøndelag coast. We do not know exactly when the church was built but we presume that this was at the end of the 15th century. The church replaced an older church on the other side of the Dolmsund channel – the Amundarås church on the Undås estate. The Dolm church is built in Romanesque style with round arches and thick stonewalls. A fire caused by a stroke of lightning destroyed the church and the building was reconstructed four times, in 1709, 1772, 1848 and 1920. The findings indicate that there were more fires and that people were burned alive in the church during at least one of them. There are many legends about the Dolm church.
“In memory of the lost at sea. To commemorate and honor all those who our locals have lost over the centuries at sea, these historic statues of woman and man from Hitra have been raised. The originals are carved by Johann Gottfried Grund in the 1760s and stands in Nordmannsdalen by Fredensborg castle in Denmark.”
There is a burial mound from the bronze age on the hill above the Dolm church called Dolmvarden. The panoramic view from the hill on the outer parts of Hitra and Frøya is fantastic. Burial mounds used to be placed on windswept forested ridges. Maybe the goal was to make the mounds visible to passers by? Or, to make it possible for the deceased to look at their realm? The path up to the burial mound starts at the parking lot. There is also an information board there about this historical area.
4.HOPSJØ COAST AND CULTURAL CENTER
Hopsjø Trade Center was one of the largest trade centers on the coast of Trøndelag in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The Parelius family of merchants and landowners resided here for over 250 years. Hopsjø had a warehouse pier, an outer pier, a 50-meter-long barn, a pigsty, a hen house, a summer residence, servants’ quarters, a bakery, a blacksmith’s workshop, a bar room, an annex and the main house that was built in 1730. 10 cotter’s farms, 4 churches and the Dolm church belonged to Hopsjø. So did 2 fishing villages, including the largest one at the time, Titran.
Thanks to Nils Rosing Parelius (1753-1799), Hopsjø soon became a well-known trade center with an interesting history. Parelius used his ships to transport fish products from Hopsjø to Spain and other European countries. He returned with delicacies like fruit, tobacco and liquor. Some of the goods were bought, others smuggled, as Parelius was a fellow who had a lot going on.
Krambua Hopsjø at Hopsjøbrygga is possibly the oldest existing store in Norway and it is used for commerce until today. Hopsjøbrygga also has conference facilities, a small whaling museum and Traktørstedet Landstrykeren – possibly the most popular restaurant on Hitra of all times. The last 27 years of Hopsjøbrygga’s history is a sum of a collective voluntary effort and an outstanding engagement within the local community. The main contributors are the Night Sailors boat club and the Friends of Hopsjø, the most fashionable ladies club in the region.
The store is open for visitors between Easter and the end of August. Groups can visit the store all year long with prior booking. It is nice to have a walk in the area even when the store is closed. We recommend especially a hike to Brannhaugen/Bårfjellet. A marked culture trail goes up to a burial mound on top of the hill, where you have a beautiful view to the northwest, the outlet of the Dolmsund channel, the group of islands Bispøyan, Titran and Frøya. The trail starts from Hopsjøhagen between the pier and the factory and is marked all the way to the top of the hill, where you will find an information board and a map. The way to the top is not long. The trail is suitable for both children and adults.
Nils Parelius built Margrethe’s Minde for his wife in 1790. This summer residence owned by the Parelius family is an important historical site. The remains of the Renaissance garden with enormous ash trees and stonewalls create a spectacular landscape. You can also visit the remaining of a cellar that was used for hiding smuggled goods and the renovated milk storage open to visitors all year round. The original summer residence no longer exists but the local sports club has built a cozy cabin on the same spot. Open on Sundays during the summer season. Take something to eat and drink if you visit the site on other days. There are nice benches you can sit on outside the cabin.
Exit off the FV 381 in the center of Melandsjø. The parking lot is located about 2 km from the exit. The tourist path to Margrethes Minde is 6 km long (there and back). The path is suitable for baby carriages and bicycles.
ALONG THE OLD ROADS
6.STRØMSVEIEN (Strømsveien over)
The old post road and Hitra’s main traffic artery from Strøm to Hopsjø. The tourist path from Strøm to Margrethes Minde is about 5.5 km long (one way). It begins in Strøm, about 100 m past the intersection towards Hestnes. On your way, you can climb Hokkeltinden (180 masl), an observation post with a beautiful view on the surrounding islands and the mainland. A marked path leads through a pine forest to the foot of the mountain. The last part of the path going up is quite steep but you will be rewarded with a great view once you reach the top.GAMMELVEIEN –
7.THE OLD ROAD ACROSS HITRA (gammelveien)
One of the oldest preserved county roads on Hitra that had been used until 1962 when the new FV714 across Hitra was built. The preserved part of the road is about 10 km long and goes from Lakselva river by Fillan to Akset on Innhitra.
The most well known natural cave on Hitra. The cave is 10 m deep. The excavations from 1909 indicate that the early inhabitants of Hitra settled down here over long periods. The most findings presumably stem from early Iron Age (between around 500 B.C. and 550 A.D.). The parking lot is located about 2.5 km from the Hestnes intersection. A marked, 300-meters-long path leads to the cave.
9.THE VIKING PERIOD ON FJELLVÆRØYA Please go to Hitra Viking on Facebook for more information
There are plans to build a Viking house and small houses, and to create an outdoor activity area at the Fjellvær Guesthouse. The burial mound located in the area dates back to between the Bronze Age and the Iron Age. The farm has been inhabited since that time. The history of the farm goes back to the Bronze Age. You will get to know the stories about our predecessors and their worship of the natural forces. We will also tell you about the battles of our predecessors and the Norse gods Tor and Odin from the Åsatro religion against all the others, and about the battle between the teachings of Åsatro, which stems from the Norse mythology, and the Christian faith Kvitekrist that took place towards the end of the Viking period.
Until the construction of the Viking house is completed, we recommend visiting the Fjellvær Guesthouse where the farm’s owner Anne Brit Berg will tell you about the history.
10.BUSSEKAILLHULA CAVE on FJELLVÆRØYA ISLAND Read about more hiking routes on Fjellværøya in a separate section
Bussekaillhula is situated by Kjerkveien between Fjellvær and Nordbotn. The cave is not easy to find for first-time visitors. Bussekailler, who inhabited the cave in the Middle Ages, liked it exactly for this reason. They were outlawed sailors who used boats called Buss. Originally, Bussekailler sailed far into the Mediterranean Sea to get supplies of expensive goods like wine, spices and silk for the church and the wealthy. Some of these sailors were left behind and became pirates. They settled down in caves located from the Bay of Biscay to Scandinavia. Today, there is a marked path to the cave but sometimes the visitors are unable to find the entrance even if they stand right in front of it. Ask for detailed directions to the cave at Fjellvær Guesthouse.
Titran is a fishing village on the neighboring island Frøya. It is located on Frøya’s west side and has 130 inhabitants. Frøya, with its large harbor for tens of boats and hundreds of fishermen, used to be one of the most important fishing villages in Mid-Norway.
The monument by the Titran chapel commemorates the Titran accident in 1899 when 140 fishermen from Mid-Norway deceased during a storm.
Stabben Fort is also located in the area. The remainings of the fort’s conning tower, canons and hundreds of meters of subterranean corridors were excavated here and opened to visitors in the 1990s. The fort is a remnant of the German occupation and the German Atlantic Wall. The fort was built during the war by over 2 500 Soviet and Serbian prisoners of war. Many of them are buried here. During the war, the Germans occupied 15 houses in Stabben, so the families were forced to find new accommodation. The Germans left Stabben in 1944.
Norway’s tallest lighthouse Sletringen is situated west of Titran. It is 45 meters tall. The present lighthouse built in 1923 is made of cast iron painted red. The original lighthouse was built in 1899.
It takes about 1 hour to drive from Fillan on Hitra to Titran. The Titran cafe by Gaustadbrygga is open during the summer season. Go to Gaustadbrygga Titran on Facebook for opening hours.